Age of Reason
Ancient Near East
Piri Re'is Map
Sacred Books of the East
This part of the site has texts that deal with earth mysteries, such as ley lines, Atlantis, Feng Shui, and so on.
The Sacred Theory of the Earth
Theory of the Earth
Flat, Hollow or Inside-Out?
One of the oldest earth mysteries was 'what shape is it?' Eratosthenes, in 240 BC, was able to prove the sphericity of the earth and estimate its size to a reasonable margin of error, by comparing the angle of the sun at two distant locations simultaneously. Aristotle knew that the earth was spherical, citing the horizon, the Earth's circular shadow during lunar eclipses, and other phenomena.Many educated people knew about the spherical earth from late antiquity on. However, most Europeans believed that the earth was flat until the explorations of the renaissance. The Biblical concept of an earth with four corners (e.g. Isa 11:12) was taken very literally. Note that the word used here, kanaf, is a word used for corners of buildings, cloth, bedsheets, and so on. To confuse matters somewhat, the earth is also described in Isaiah as being circular (Isa 40:22), specifically it says the circle of the earth. Some modern inerrantists point to this as 'evidence' that the earth is round, although Isaiah seems to imply that it is disk-shaped here. The Hebrew word used here is khug, which unambiguously means circle, not sphere. It is related to a root khagag, which means to dance in a circle, or a sacred procession which moves in a circle. Square? Circular? it's enough to make your head spin...
In the late 19th century a number of alternative theories of the shape of the earth were proposed, flat, hollow and inside-out. By the time the poles had been reached in the early 20th century, the time for these theories had passed. Today, some Biblical inerrantists still believe that the Earth is flat.
The Book of Earths
The Earth is Flat
Zetetic Astronomy: Earth Not a Globe
The Earth is Hollow
The Phantom of the Poles
A Journey to the Earth's Interior
The Earth is Inside-Out
The Cellular Cosmogony
The earth is dotted with ancient and mysterious monuments. Is there some deeper message to these constructs?
A Miracle in Stone: or The Great Pyramid of Egypt
The Origin and Significance of the Great Pyramid
The House of the Hidden Places
Architecture, Mysticism and Myth
Stonehenge, A Temple Restor'd to the British Druids
Stonehenge and Other British Stone Monuments Astronomically Considered
Accounts of dragons, unicorns, sea monsters are found throughout history and folklore.
Lore of the Unicorn
Dragons and Dragon Lore
Renaissance Europe was not the first high culture which was capable of globe-spanning sea journeys. Were there other pioneering voyages which left traces of contact between the continents? Where did they come from and how much impact did they have on world culture?
Tales of the Enchanted Islands of the Atlantic
The Norse Discovery of America
by Arthur Middleton Reeves,
North Ludlow Beamish,
and Rasmus B. Anderson
The Voyage of Bran
The Piri Reis map A controversial early map which appears to show an ice-free Antarctic opens up a big can of worms, including Atlantis, pole shifts, and pre-columbian contact with the New World.